My Interpretation of Keats' To Autumn


Jason Chin                                                                                                                                    January 2002


Ms. Wu                                                                                                                                        Class N32


Analyzing the First Stanza of the Poem with Words:


  1. The first stanza of “To Autumn”, by John Keats, describes what the season, autumn is and what it does with nature. Words such as, “swell” and “plump” are used to describe the effect of autumn on fruits.


2. Images:


     John Keats describes autumn as if it were a person. He tells the audience how autumn works with the sun to help the fruit grow and ripen. Keats also describes autumn helping the flowers to grow and flourish until even the bees believe that autumn days will never end.


3. The speaker expresses a love for autumn. He forms images in the minds of his  

     audience when he describes the ripe fruits and the flora.


4. Reading the first stanza of “To Autumn” produced a feeling of awe within me. The    

    images portrayed by the author were so beautiful, that I felt a liking towards

    autumn myself.


5. Keats makes use of many different literary elements to bring the poem “Autumn”

    to life. One literary element we can find in his poem is imagery. Imagery is used to

    make the audience see the fruits and flowers that Keats is trying to describe.


"SEASON of mists""mellow fruitfulness"......"how to load and bless /With fruit and vines that round the thatch-eves run; To bend with apples the moss'd cottage-trees,"...

"...fill all fruit with ripeness to the core""To swell the gourd plump the hazel shells..."


Analyzing the Second Stanza of the Poem with Words:


1. The second stanza of “To Autumn” uses personification to give human characteristics to

     the season autumn. Keats portrays autumn as a female, “Drows’d with the fume of   



2. Images:


     After reading the second stanza, I could see “autumn” as an actual person. The physical characteristics of autumn were formed in my mind. Keats’ descriptions created pictures of autumn helping fruits and crops grow and watching as they are harvested.


3. The second stanza describes the season, autumn, as an actual person. The speaker    

     seems to be talking to autumn about how she watches as the fruits and the crops are  



4. After reading the second stanza, I was impressed. Keats was able to turn a season into

    an actual person. He was even able to tell the audience the actions autumn takes.


5. Personification is an obvious literary element used in the second stanza of “To Autumn”.

    Autumn is brought to life as a person by giving the season human characteristics and

    even physical features.


Analyzing the Third Stanza of the Poem with Words:


1. The third stanza describes the sounds of autumn. The noises created by the animals are

     compared to music. The line “Hedge-crickets sing; and now with treble soft” is an 

     example of how the noise a cricket makes is compared to a song.


2.                Images:

     The third stanza forms pictures of the sky and the earth during the autumn season. Even the animals of autumn were described in the third stanza of the poem. Keats tells the audience of the lambs which bleat and the crickets that sing.


3. In this third stanza, the speaker addresses the season autumn. He tells her of the sounds

    that are made during autumn. Again, we see the speaker expressing love for this season 

    by describing the sounds that autumn is surrounded by.


4. While I was reading the third stanza of the poem, I felt as if I was totally immersed in

the descriptions told by Keats. The first and second stanzas allowed me to see the colors of autumn and even see autumn herself. The third stanza gave me the sounds that autumn creates.


5. Metaphors are used in the third stanza to compare the sounds made in autumn to

    music. A quote from the text states, “Hedge-crickets sing; and now with treble soft”.

    Keats compares the noises made by hedge-crickets to musical notes.


Final Interpretation of the Poem To Autumn

     Autumn has always been the season of harvest and life. During this season, we can see the blossoming of flowers and the ripening of fruit. John Keats describes the beauty of autumn using various literary elements to illustrate a picture in the mind of his audience.

     The first stanza describes the splendor of autumn. In the quote, “With fruit the vines that round the thatch-eves run; To bend with apples the " moss’d cottage-trees,” Keats uses imagery to allow the audience to actually see what he is describing. We can see the life that autumn brings, helping the fruits to grow so that they bend the branches of the trees.

     Personification is used in the second stanza to bring the season, autumn, to life. Keats describes the physical characteristics of autumn in the line, “Thy hair soft-lined by the winnowing wind;”. He even tells the audience how she lies on a “half-reap’d furrow sound asleep”.

     The sounds of autumn are compared to music in the last stanza of “To Autumn”. A quote from the text compares the sounds made by hedge-crickets to musical notes. “Hedge-crickets sing; and now with treble soft” In this quote, Keats uses metaphors to show how the sounds created by autumn are musical.

     “To Autumn”, by John Keats, describes the beauty and life that is associated with the season, autumn. He used various literary elements to convey his view of autumn. Keats was able to capture the essence of autumn in his poem and share it with his audience.

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